Bruce Marks 
  Orlando Ballet   Artistic Director  




Mr Bruce Marks, is a native of New York City, Marks received his performing arts training at the New York High School of Performing Arts, Brandeis University and The Juilliard School. At 14, he began his performing career when he created the role of the young boy in Pearl Lang’s Rites. He continued his ballet training with Margaret Craske, Antony Tudor and Mattlyn Gavers at the Metropolitan Opera School and joined the corps de ballet there in 1956 becoming premier danseur in 1958.

After appearing at the Spoleto Festival of Two Worlds in 1959, in a company organized by Herbert Ross and Nora Kaye, Marks joined American Ballet Theatre in 1961. He soon became one of the most respected and versatile of ABT’s male contingent, excelling in both modern and classical ballets. Shortly after his arrival, he was promoted to principal dancer. He created one of the two leading male roles in the American premiere of Harald Lander’s Etudes, as well as the leading role of Prince Siegfried in ABT’s first full-length Swan Lake.

During his ten years with ABT, Marks appeared as guest artist with the Royal Swedish Ballet (1963-64) and the London Festival Ballet (1965). In 1971, he became the first American principal dancer with the Royal Danish Ballet, and remained there for five years, mastering the 19th century works of August Bournonville. Marks has partnered some of the world’s greatest ballerinas, including Natalia Makarova, Cynthia Gregory, Maria Tallchief, Lupe Serrano, Violette Verdy, Melissa Hayden and Toni Lander, whom he married in 1966.

In 1976, Marks became Co-Artistic Director of Ballet West at the invitation of founder Willam Christensen. Following Christensen’s retirement, in 1978, he was named Artistic Director. The company flourished under Marks’ direction and his distinctive stamp was made with the addition of new works to the repertory from Bournonville and Balanchine ballets to the 19th century classics and modern dances.

In 1985 Marks and Toni Lander recreated and staged the “lost” 1855 Bournonville ballet, Abdallah. The production had its East Coast premiere at Washington’s Kennedy Center on May 1, 1985. The critics raved. “Abdallah is a triumph,” said the Boston Globe. The Wall Street Journal said, “That it communicates such broad meanings and does so, moreover, with such effortless charm, is the great achievement of Bruce Marks.” In 1986 Marks staged Abdallah for the Royal Danish Ballet, the company for whom the work was originally created, and in 1990 he brought the production to Boston Ballet.

In 1985, Marks assumed the position of Artistic Director of Boston Ballet. Under his dynamic leadership, the company achieved international acclaim and built a reputation for performing authentic versions of the classics and for encouraging daring modern works. In 1991, in Boston’s South End, the company opened a new facility that is one of the country’s leading centers for dance and dance education. During his tenure the Company’s annual budget and attendance tripled. His time in Boston had many highlights: An unprecedented American/Soviet production of Swan Lake, a 1990 premiere at Washington’s Kennedy Center, a 1991 five-city tour of Spain,and a highly acclaimed version of The Sleeping Beauty in 1993 to kick off its 30th season. Following a second Kennedy Center engagement in March of 1994, Boston Ballet became the first American company to perform John Cranko’s Onegin. In 1995, they added Cranko's The Taming of the Shrew to the repertory. And in 1997, Michael Corder’s award-winning Cinderella. Marks mounted the world’s most popular production of The Nutcracker. He also brought to the repertory the oldest existing version of Coppélia from The Royal Danish Ballet, and a traditional Russian production of Giselle, staged by Anna-Marie Holmes and coached by the legendary Natalia Dudinskaya of the Kirov Ballet.





The encouragement of young choreographers was one of Marks’ major thrusts as Director. Marks commissioned works by Danny Buraczeski, Merce Cunningham, Bill T. Jones, Ralph Lemon, Monica Levy, Susan Marshall, Bebe Miller, Twyla Tharp and Lila York.

In July of 1997 Marks stepped down from his post at Boston Ballet and became Artistic Director Emeritus.

Marks was a founding member of Dance/USA, a national service organization that represents professional dance companies. From 1990-92, he was chairman of that organization. In 1989, Marks was chosen to succeed the late Robert Joffrey as Chairman of the International Jury of the USA International Ballet Competition held in Jackson Mississippi, a position he still holds. He served as the American judge at the international competitions in Helsinki, Nagoya and Moscow. He now holds the position of Chairman of the Japan International Ballet and Modern Dance Competition. He was the American judge at the 1994 Prix de Lausanne. Until 1985, he was Board Chairman of the American Arts Alliance. He has been an Artist Fellow of the Aspen Institute the Humanistic Studies and a member of the Inter-Arts Panel of the NEA. Marks has been Chairman of the International Performing Arts Touring Committee, a member of the National Endowment for the Arts Dance Panel, and Dance Panel Chairman in 1981 and 1993. He was a member of the NEA’s International Advisory Panel.

Marks has been a pioneer in innovative Dance education and outreach programs, most stunningly, Boston Ballet’s Center for Dance Education’s City Dance, a tuition free ballet training program for urban public school students.

In 1997 Marks was appointed to the US-USSR Commission on Theatre and Dance
Studies of the American Council of Learned Societies, and to the Theatre Union of the USSR for 1988-89, a commission set up to foster Soviet/American cooperation in the fields of dance history, theory, criticism and practice.

Marks is a recipient of the 1995 Capezio Dance Award for achievement in dance and contributions toward public awareness of dance in America. He received the 1997 Dance Magazine Award. He was awarded the Dance/USA honors in 1998. He holds honorary degrees from Northeastern University, Franklin Pierce College, the University of Massachusetts, Wheaton College, and Juilliard.

In 1998 Marks created ArtsVenture, Inc., a consulting firm dedicated to passing along the vast knowledge and insights he has accumulated over the years to others in the field. Through ArtsVenture, he has served as consultant to ballet and modern dance companies in America and throughout the world. He has also created a landmark program for the training of Artistic Directors.

Mr Marks is currently at work on an autobiography. He has three children by his late wife Toni Lander - Erik, Adam and Kenneth.


Review Mr. Mark's audio talks from our archives